2 edition of Demographic pressure and economic change found in the catalog.
Demographic pressure and economic change
Barbara Knapp Herz
by Office of Policy Development and Analysis, Agency for International Development in Washington
Written in English
|Statement||by Barbara Knapp Herz.|
|LC Classifications||HD989.K4 H47 1974|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vii, 329 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||329|
|LC Control Number||76600882|
Demographic Pressure and Institutional Change: Village-Level Response to Rural Population Growth in Burkina Faso Introduction and Motivation An unusual factor in Africa’s 20th-century economic development was a relatively low initial level of average population density, and then unusually high rates of rural population. The following points highlight the top three theories of population. The theories are: 1. The Malthusian Theory of Population 2. The Optimum Theory of Population 3. The Theory of Demographic Transition. Thomas Robert Malthus enunciated his views about population in his famous book, Essay on the Principle of Population as it affects the Future.
Vocabulary from the unit on economics and demographics. Terms in this set (33) demographics. A tool developed by the United Nations to measure and rank countries' levels of social and economic development based on four criteria: Life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling, expected years of schooling and gross national income per. It mainly focused on pension, pension system, old-age security, the level and source of pension pressure. For example, Sambt et al. and Fu [1, 2] think that the change of population structure is.
ioral responses to the changes in the various demographic variables, we ﬁ nd that these diﬀerent demographic forces have diﬀerent eﬀects on economic growth. The decline in fertility causes an increase in the female labor supply (Bloom, Canning, Fink, and . Population, ageing and immigration: Germany's demographic question The Earth's population is going to reach billion by 4 maps that will change how you see migration .
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But in a new report for the RAND Corp., three Harvard School of Public Health professors revisit the relationship between demographic change and the economy, arguing that age structure -- rather than population size -- provides policy-makers with a critical tool for exploiting economic : David E.
Bloom. The interaction between demographic change and economic development in the long run is one central issue. One conjecture is that it is mainly the relative population pressure which controls the pace of economic development.
However, econometric evidence presented in the book. Or was demographic pressure simply self-regulated by links between mortality and fertility changes. Using country-level data and a methodology inspired by a series of seminal articles by Preston, I assess the impact of economic change on both fertility and mortality and the independent effect of mortality on fertility between the s and the by: in economic growth (Masters and McMillan ) and African policy choices (McMillanMcMillan and Masters ).
Here, we focus on changes in village-level institutions, testing how the governance of local resources and market infrastructure has responded to demographic change.
This demographic transition was accompanied by an economic transition that led to widespread education and economic growth after centuries of near-stagnation. At the same time, other changes have occurred in family structures, culture, and the organization of society. The book also predicts that decades of low birthrates in developed countries, especially in Europe, will result in dramatic cultural, social, and political shifts through the first half of the 21st century.
These countries will experience economic and social strain, caused by a diminishing working age demographic and a rapidly aging population Author: George Friedman. Determinants of economic growth, population growth, and life expectancy. Besides the demographic factors, there are a number of determinants affecting the economic growth which is defined as follow.
First, it has considered to put into the model is trade as the ratio of sum of export and import to Size: KB. demographic change presently accept to be relationships through which high fertility, population growth and increased human density relate to economic well-being in the developing world.
In each case, we will try to provide some indication of the degree of certainty and the limits to which these ideas can be applied. On Economic GrowthFile Size: KB. Demographic change is the main reason organizations need to adapt their practices in order to respond to increasing diversity within labor markets.
Diversity alters pools of potential employees, and the needs of employees, as well as influencing broader business objectives like service provision. Population Economics Course Description The course will examine the economic determinants of population change and demographic be-havior including household formation, marriage, child bearing and rearing, mortality (and es-pecially infant mortality) and key forms of human capital investment including schooling andFile Size: 84KB.
More about this item Book Chapters The following chapters of this book are listed in IDEAS. Ansley J. Coale, "Introduction to "Demographic and Economic Change in Developed Countries"," NBER Chapters, in: Demographic and Economic Change in Developed Countries, pagesNational Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
Halvor Gille, "An International Survey of Recent Fertility. Global Demographic Change: Dimensions and Economic Significance David E. Bloom, David Canning. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in October NBER Program(s):Economics of Aging, Labor Studies Transitions from high mortality and fertility to low mortality and fertility can be beneficial to economies as large baby boom cohorts enter the workforce and save for retirement, while rising.
When all of the demographic trends are combined, the HEDI predicts a 13 percent increase in the national demand for elite institutions between now and the end of the s. Moreover, the change in the geographic distribution of elite college students will be less dramatic than that for the population as a whole.
Demographic changes influence all aspects of human activity, including economic, social, political and cultural. For instance, the age distribution of a population has an overwhelming influence on health-care needs.
This is especially recognized in the U.K., where allocation of NHS resources is based on the age-weighted capitation. At the local. transactions of the royal society of tropical medicineand hygiene () 87, supplement 1, Sl/13 Economic implications of demographic change R.
Cassen International Development Centre, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford, 21 St Giles's Street, Oxford, 0X1 3LA, UK Abstract This paper considers the principal economic arguments surrounding the fact of rapid population growth in Cited by: 9.
economic growth, health, fragility, and human development, and as such it is extremely important. However, the nature of the impact of demographic change is not set in stone.
The most important lesson from this book is that the right policies can help countries to reap the benefits of demographic change on the overall development of a nation. demographic variables may be much more important than traditionally has been found.
Section 4 discusses the size, speed, and causes of the demographic transition in developing countries. In section 5, we examine the feedback between demographic change and economic development, and the issues of cumulative causality and poverty traps. Since people's economic needs and contributions vary depending on the life cycle, demographic change may have effects on economic performance (Bloom.
Demographics and the Demand for Higher Education is an important read for college leaders and policy makers alike." (Jon McGee, author of Breakpoint: The Changing Marketplace for Higher Education) "Anyone who cares about the future of higher education in America will need to carefully study Nathan Grawe’s Demographics and the Demand for Cited by: 5.
A generation ago, the World Development Report focused on development challenges posed by demographic change, reflecting the world’s concerns about run-away population growth. Global population growth rates had peaked at more than two percent a year in the late s and the incredibly high average fertility rates of that decade – almost six births per woman – provided the.
To answer this question we will –rst present basic demographic concepts and historical evidence on the demographic transition. We will then present two broad views on the links between population growth and economic development Œa pessimistic or fatalistic view inspired by Thomas Malthus and its modern disciples (such as Paul.ECB Economic Bulletin, Issue 2 / – Articles The economic impact of population ageing and pension reforms.
over time, reflecting a decline in net migration relative to the total population, as well as the ageing of current migrants.
Chart 1. Age cohorts File Size: KB.The Journal of Economic Literature classification codes are a way of categorizing subjects in economics. There, Demographic Economics is paired with Labor Economics as one of 19 primary classifications at JEL: J.
It has 8 subareas, which are listed below with JEL-code links to corresponding available article-preview links of The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics () Online.